Alvin Plantinga


“Most of us form estimates of our intelligence, wisdom, and moral fiber that are considerably higher than an objective estimate would warrant; no doubt 90 percent of us think ourselves well above average along these lines.”
― Alvin Plantinga



Alvin Carl Plantinga (born 1932) is a contemporary American philosopher known for his work in epistemology, metaphysics, and the philosophy of religion. In 1980, Plantinga was described by Time magazine as “America’s leading orthodox Protestant philosopher of God.” He was portrayed in that same article as a central figure in a “quiet revolution” regarding the respectability of belief in God among academic philosophers. Plantinga has delivered the prestigious Gifford Lectures on three separate occasions. He is also a proponent of Molinism in the debate over divine providence, despite growing up in the Dutch Reformed tradition. Plantinga is currently the John A. O’Brien Professor of Philosophy at the University of Notre Dame.